Cervical cancer is a malignant neoplasm that occurs in the area of the cervix. Histologically, there are two main types of it: adenocarcinoma and squamous cell carcinoma. Currently, it is considered a proven link between the incidence of human papillomavirus and the risk of developing cervical cancer.
Risk factors for cervical cancer:
- Early sexual debut;
- Different sexual partners;
- Sexually transmitted infections (herpes, chlamydia), etc.;
Cervical cancer screening is testing for precancer and cancer among women who do not have symptoms and feel completely healthy. If screening reveals precancerous conditions, they can be easily treated and, thus, prevented the development of cancer. Screening can also detect cancer at an early stage with a high probability of cure.
Currently, 3 different types of screening are available:
1.Routine Pap test (Pap) and fluid cytology (LBC);
2.Visual inspection using acetic acid;
3. Vesting for high-risk HPV types.