Anemia today is one of the most common conditions associated with pregnancy. And, as a rule, during pregnancy the woman is confronted with iron deficiency anemia – a disease that is characterized by a decrease in the level of hemoglobin, which is responsible for the transport of oxygen to organs and tissues, and, accordingly, a decrease in the number of red blood cells – erythrocytes. Anemia has three forms of difficulty – mild, moderate and severe. Anemia can be suspected if the skin of a pregnant woman is pale. Therefore, regular blood tests are of great importance: they will help the specialists in time to determine the presence or absence, as well as prevent the development of anemia. Since anemia can have very serious consequences for the development of the fetus, as well as affect the course of the birth process, it is necessary to take preventive measures from the very first weeks of pregnancy. Why anemia is so dangerous during pregnancy. Anemia is often manifested in the second half of the pregnancy; its peak reaches between 29 and 36 weeks. This is explained by the fact that during pregnancy the need for iron increases unusually, because this element is necessary for the production of hemoglobin, which is needed by both: the expectant mother and the fetus. If iron is consumed at a faster rate than that of a pregnant woman, anemia occurs, which necessarily requires treatment. The fact is that if anemia is not “eliminated”, very adverse consequences are possible. Among them – the development of toxicosis in the second half of pregnancy and an increased risk of preterm birth. In this case, the birth process can be accompanied by heavy bleeding, because anemia violates the function of blood clotting. After childbirth, not treated anemia can remind you of a decrease in milk production. For the baby, iron deficiency in the mother’s body is dangerous because of intrauterine growth retardation due to insufficient supply of oxygen and nutrients. In addition, the risk of hypoxia and malnutrition in the fetus increases significantly. A baby can be born weak, underweight, with a weak immune system, and therefore more susceptible to infectious diseases. Signs of anemia during pregnancy. So, the fact is that anemia requires mandatory treatment. In addition to the fact that the disease is fraught with consequences, it also greatly affects the general condition of the pregnant woman.
Weakness, fatigue, dry skin, dizziness; with more severe forms – hair loss, heart palpitations and frequent fainting. These are the so-called anemic signs associated with a reduced amount of hemoglobin in the blood and caused by oxygen starvation, as well as a decrease in the amount of energy produced. Another conditional group of symptoms of anemia is called sideropenic. They can manifest themselves against the background of dysfunction of enzymes, a component of which is iron. There are sideropenic signs of anemia during pregnancy with the following conditions: dryness and increased peeling of the skin, its pallor, the appearance of cracks and “stuck” in the corners of the lips, dryness and brittle hair. In addition, a sign of anemia can be some “deviation-perversion” of tastes in a woman: when, for no reason, the future mother suddenly wants to eat chalk or earth, raw vegetables (for example, potatoes), which was not observed before pregnancy.
Treatment of anemia during pregnancy
For the prevention, and treatment of anemia, in the diet of a pregnant woman must be the products which includ iron and animal protein. Meat, liver and fish, dairy products, a large amount of vegetables and fruits, some of which must be eaten raw (carrots, apples, cabbage), buckwheat porridge. For treatment of the disease its requires to take iron-containing preparations, which are absolutely safe for the fetus. The fact is that the lack of iron can not be compensated completely by the food as it only slightly more than 6% of iron is absorbed from food, drugs provide about 30-40% of this element to the body. Treatment with certain drugs is prescribed individually, as a rule, the doctor gives preference to tablets or pills that must be taken internally. The duration of treatment is several months, although the increase in hemoglobin content begins approximately from 2-3 weeks. Despite the fact that the level of hemoglobin is gradually stabilizing, this doesn’t mean that the iron reserves in the body have already been replenished. Therefore, it is not recommended to interrupt treatment at the first favorable changes. After 2-3 months, the doctor simply reduces the dose of the drug taken in half, thus continuing the prevention of anemia and its consequences for the woman and her baby.