Polycystic ovary syndrome (PCOS) is a symptom complex (obesity, hirsutism, amenorrhea and large ovaries), which is one of the most common forms of endocrinopathy. The incidence of PCOS among women of reproductive age ranges from 5 to 10%, and PCOS develops during menarche or shortly after it (R. A. Lobo, 2000; R. Pasquali et al., 2000).
Women suffering from polycystic ovary syndrome often exhibit masculine features, such as excessive hair growth on the face and body, acne, occipital weave, and abdominal fat deposits.
- excessive hair growth on the face, chest and abdomen
- absence or irregular menstrual bleeding
- bleeding from the uterus
- high blood pressure
- obesity in the waist
- thin hair and male pattern baldness
Required examination: ultrasound, blood tests – the overall level of male sex hormones, insulin, glucose, cholesterol, or luteinizing hormone.
Treatment: Contraceptives with a low concentration of active ingredients, usually commercially available, contain estrogen and a small amount of anti-androgen (a substance that blocks the effects of male sex hormones) cyproterone acetate. It helps to effectively control excess hair growth and the appearance of acne.