Stretch marks – are scars on the skin, consisting of connective tissue. They have the shape of strips and are formed on the skin of the thighs, abdomen and chest. Most stretch marks occur in pregnant women, but there may also be people with endocrine diseases and athletes. With stretch marks, not only women are faced, as is commonly believed, but also men.
The causes of stretch marks:
Stretch marks on the skin appear in response to its sharp stretching. When a woman begins to grow a belly, breast enlargement and rounded hips. The skin does not have time to adapt to the new conditions, and collagen and elastic fibers, unable to withstand stretching, are torn.
If the stretch marks do not appear during pregnancy or breastfeeding, the cause may be in rapid weight gain, sudden weight loss or hormonal imbalance, for example, with Itcenko-Cushing syndrome, during puberty.
Disturbance of the hormonal balance causes a decrease in the synthesis of fibers by fibroblast, that’s why the regenerative abilities of the skin deteriorate. On an altered hormonal background, stretch marks can appear even without a strong stretching of the skin.
Athletes stretch more often on the inner surface of the shoulder due to a high increase in muscle mass. There is a genetic predisposition to the formation of stretch marks. Low content of collagen fibers in the skin is inherited.
Appearance of stretch marks:
The stretch marks look like thin, crimped bands. On the abdomen and chest they are located radially, on the hips, the inner side of the shoulder – vertically. The color of stretch marks depends on their prescription. The newly appeared stretch marks have coloration from pink to purple-cyanotic. This color occurs because the young connective tissue is rich in blood vessels. With time, the blood vessels become smaller, and the stretch marks turn pale until they turn to white. In the connective tissue there is no melanin, therefore on the background of the tanned skin stretch marks are visible even more. As a rule, stretch marks are on the same level with the surrounding skin. There are times when they have a retracted or even convex relief.
Preparations for the treatment of stretch marks:
The sooner the treatment begins, a better it will be. It is easiest to get rid of young stretch marks when they have a pink color. Older stretch marks with whitish color are harder to treat.
During the treatment of stretch marks, it is important to monitor the diet. Food should be varied, with increased amounts of protein and vitamins. A lot of protein in a meat and legumes, and eating olive oil and nuts saturates the body with carotenoids and vitamin E.
There are a lot of creams and gels for stretch marks from different manufacturers. The main components are:
- amino acids;
- vitamins A, E;
- active humidifiers.
You can use them before the appearance of stretch marks as a prophylaxis, as well as for the treatment of stretch marks. Such preparations are not toxic; they can be used during pregnancy and during lactation. You can rub olive oil, avocado, jojoba, cocoa oil into your skin. They moisturize the skin and nourish it, contributing to the disappearance of stretch marks.
Procedures for the treatment of stretch marks:
– Chemical peeling;
– Laser resurfacing;
– LPG – massage;
LPG massage, helps to fight with stretch marks, it cannot be performed during pregnancy, but can be used to treat stretch marks during breast-feeding. The essence of the method is that with the help of a special apparatus consisting of rollers moving in different directions at different speeds, an effective skin massage is performed. Such a massage stimulates blood circulation and cell renewal. The process is absolutely painless.
Seaweeds wrap is an absolutely harmless method of treatment of stretch marks. The session lasts 40-45 minutes. Such wrappings can be done with clay, cocoa, Dead Sea mud. Laminaria wraps are considered the most effective, as they contain alginic acid, which makes the skin supple and elastic.
Body scrubs exfoliate the upper layers of the skin, increase blood circulation and stimulate skin renewal, thereby helps to fight against stretch marks. The procedure should be done once in seven days.
With stretch marks, you cannot fight one by some methods. To achieve optimal results, an integrated approach is needed, based on combining several methods of combating stretch marks. This is the only way to get rid of this problem.