Mole, birthmark (nevus) is a congenital malformation on the skin that is a benign congestion of pigment cells. If the birthmarks do not bother, if they have a symmetrical shape, uniform color and they are in the places where they are not subject to permanent trauma, then we often do not even know about their existence. But if moles are located on the body in open spaces or we constantly touch them with clothing, then such skin formations need to be disposed of. And don’t listen to the opinion that it is impossible to remove moles and even dangerous. This is not true.
Therefore, it is important to know the signs that should alert those who have moles. First, there is no reason to worry if the mole is flat, and does not protrude above the skin. But if it is convex, began to grow or changed color, then you need to urgently turn to the oncologist. It also needs to be done in case of appearance on the birthmark of a crust or inflammation and if it is a burning sensation, itching or painful sensations. All these signs indicate that the mole has begun to degenerate, sometimes it goes unnoticed, especially for those people who have a mole a lot, by the way, if on the body of moles more than 10 pieces you need to visit an oncologist every year.
With special attention should be taken not only to the fact that moles begin to grow but also to the fact that there are new specks, also actively growing.
The most common reason for the removal of moles is their location in the scalp and in places where they are hurt by clothing or jewelry.
Do not wait until the birthmark, which is in an uncomfortable place, will detach itself, this can lead to complications. Also, you cannot remove moles by yourself.
There are periods in a person’s life when the condition of moles on the body needs to be treated with special attention; this is a teenage age (about 12 to 18 years), a period of rapid puberty, the period of pregnancy, as well as breastfeeding.
Provoke growth and the emergence of new birthmarks can excessive infatuation with a solarium and natural sunburn, massage, hormonal treatment, as well as trauma to the skin.
Rebirth of a birthmark in melanoma:
Most of the moles are safe, but do not forget that some of them indicate a predisposition to malignant regeneration, melanoma and skin cancer. It is very important to observe the newly emerging spots, which have uneven edges and gradually expand. If the size of this formation has reached a diameter of 6-7 mm, consultation of a dermatologist or oncologist is needed since the timely removal of moles of this type will prevent the formation of melanoma. The following signs testify to the fact that the mole became dangerous and regenerates into melanoma:
- uneven coloring
- increase in size
- discoloration or sudden pigmentation
- redness around the neoplasm
- the appearance of bleeding and/or cracks
- uneven contours or irregular shape
- loss or change of skin pattern over protruding areas
- Itching in the place of formation, inflammation or pain.
Removal of moles:
With the modern development of technology, removal of moles has become a fast and practically safe procedure. However, the desire to part with them arises only for stringent reasons. First, from aesthetic considerations, when due to the presence of moles in certain places, the patient begins to feel self-doubt.
Very often moles are also removed, which rub and cling to clothing, damaged during shaving and walking: along the line of the collar, under the hair, underarms, in intimate zones. This is especially true of large convex moles, the damage of which is highly undesirable.
Removal of moles on the recommendation of an oncologist or dermatologist is another important reason. The doctor can recommend removal if the mole threatens your health and can develop into a malignant tumor.
There are several ways to remove moles:
- Cryodestruction- this removal of moles by liquid nitrogen or a mixture of carbonic acid. This procedure is simple and fairly safe.
- Removal by Surgitron – the newest method, which more convenient means for extraction of moles, papillomas, and warts, does not cause thermal lesions.
- Laser removal is a method that excludes bleeding, but it requires quality equipment and a qualified physician.
- Surgical method – very often used in modern medicine. If the doctor carefully performs the procedure, the areas of healthy skin are practically not affected.
- Electrocoagulation – a method in which the mole is exposed to a high-frequency current. It should be remembered that the removal of moles should be performed only by a doctor. And after this procedure, you need to care for this area.
Different types and methods of moles removing differ only in the technique of execution. If the birthmark has already been removed, do not touch the crust formed on the wound site. The crust must itself fall away. Until then, in the affected area no need to use decorative cosmetics. Before the place of the removed birthmark does not heal, you cannot take sunbathe; otherwise, the pigmented spot may appear. Also, the wound should be protected from the sun. If you cannot cover it, you should apply a special sunscreen with a high degree of protection. After the removal of the birthmark, you need to conduct a special study to determine if the tissue was malignant or not.