Laser Treatment of Scars
Scars are a very unpleasant problem, which can spoil even the most well-groomed face. Unfortunately, none is insured against cuts, injuries, surgeries. And even more so, almost everyone knows what acne is. Scarring is one of the most severe consequences of acne. For a long time, various ointments, creams and injections were used to remove scarring. Traditional medicine offered the other way to get rid of scars, such as surgical removal. The patients, who did not receive the expected results, were seeking for salvation in the recipes of folk medicine. Today in the arsenal of modern cosmetology there is a method that allows one to deal with the problem once and for all, and this method is laser resurfacing of scars.
Removal of scars and marks by laser is a modern and popular direction in cosmetology, which includes several types of independent cosmetic procedures, the purpose of which is to remove scars on the face and any parts of the body with the help of laser equipment. In modern laser therapy there are several ways to correct scars and marcs, which differ in the principle of impact, the type of laser used, the overall effect.
The main advantages of laser removal of scars:
- ability to work with scars any kind, size, shape and location.
- high accuracy of impact on the size and depth of the treated area.
- the surrounding skin is not affected, not injured or deformed during the laser therapy.
- simultaneous disinfection of the laser exposure area, which excludes the occurrence of secondary inflammation.
- notable result after 1 session.
- possibility to remove scars in the delicate zones: décolleté area, neck, eyelids, hands.
- removal of scars by laser is suitable for all skin types.
- no need for a special preparatory period, and long rehabilitation period or hospitalization.
- after the procedure of laser therapy, the patient can immediately return to his usual schedule.
Fractional photothermolysis is performed in 2 ways:
- Ablative: evaporates the skin tissues to a given depth, forming an open medical microzone surrounded by thermally damaged and coagulated cells, which gives greater efficiency, but increases the recovery time (up to 5-7 days). The course of treatment consists of 2-6 procedures.
- Non-ablative: more mild, but less effective way, as to obtain a stable result it is necessary to conduct more procedures in the medical course – 3-10. A non-ablative laser does not deform the epidermis, but only forms a burn area under it. The recovery period after the procedure is up to 3 days.
Fractional photothermolysis is used to treat all types of scars with the exception of keloids, since this laser exposure in most cases leads to a recurrence of scar tissue formation. The procedure can be carried out at any time of the year, unlike laser peeling.
Contraindications for laser removal of scars are:
- Pregnancy and lactation.
- Reception of photosensitizing drugs and retinoids.
- Acute infectious and inflammatory diseases.
Before the procedure for laser removal of scars, the patient should observe the following recommendations:
- exclude chemical peeling and other similar cosmetic or medical procedures for 2 weeks before treatment.
- do not sunbathe and do not visit the solarium 2 weeks before the procedure.
- exclude the use of drugs that have a photosensitizing effect.
Correction of the scars may require from 2 to 7 or more sessions. The specific number of sessions depends on the type, location, character, size of the scar, the laser removal method used, and the specific type of laser apparatus.