Carboxytherapy is a rejuvenating technique based on subcutaneous injections of carbon dioxide (CO2). Patients already had opportunity to appreciate all its potential: the technique is much more effective for improving the quality of the skin than classical mesotherapy, and at the same time – more economical, because it does not involve the use of expensive drugs.
How does carboxytherapy work?
First of all, CO2 injections struggle with the lack of oxygen in the tissues. The decrease of oxygen level (in most people it is noted and progresses at the age of 30-40 years) is one of the main causes of skin elasticity loss and of the appearance of various kinds of defects (blackheads, redness, etc.). In general, the impact is immediate in several directions:
- Carbon dioxide, which saturates tissues during carboxytherapy, stimulates blood circulation and increases oxygen release by oxyhemoglobin. The treated area receives a powerful stimulus for regeneration, backed up by the activation of the body’s own resources. As a result, after several procedures, subcutaneous tissues are getting restructured. This occurs just before our eyes: during the first sessions, gas is distributed only in some directions, but gradually its diffusion becomes more and more even, which indicates the destruction of fibrous adhesions and the achievement of uniformity of supporting tissues.
- In parallel, the subcutaneous fat deposits are getting cleaved and excreted, which further enhances both the healing and rejuvenating effect.
- In addition, carboxytherapy activates neocollagenesis (the formation of new collagen fibers), stimulating the corresponding functions of fibroblasts. This is the mechanism of increasing elasticity and eliminating skin flabbiness.
The main aesthetic indications are:
- Flabby skin. For face contour, for cheeks and neck positive changes appear after 2-4 sessions, while for the inner surface of the hands and hips more (up to 8-10) procedures require.
- Cellulite . Although the effect is observed, however, it is slightly limited – only zones with small degree of “orange peel” are getting improved.
- Stretch marks (striae). Carboxytherapy can significantly improve the appearance of stretch marks, making their edges almost invisible against the background of healthy skin.
- Dark circles under the eyes. The best results were noted in patients with very thin skin – the surface layer of the dermis gets thicker, the vessels become less noticeable, the skin protection from external aggressive factors is enhanced.
- Deep scars. The skin enriched with the oxygen significantly improves the scarring process.
How are carbon dioxide (CO2) injections carried out?
To conduct carboxytherapy, sterile medical carbon dioxide is used, a special diffusion pistol that allows to control the exact amount of injected gas and disposable needles with nozzles that soften the pain from the injection. Injections are performed in the dermis or hypodermis each centimeter, as a result the entire problem area is evenly worked through.
Typically, the standard course includes a series of 4 to 10 sessions, the number of which varies depending on the indications and the desired result. Basic sessions are often enough – 1-2 per week. In the future, to maintain the achieved results, it is recommended to conduct supporting procedures – 2-4 twice a year.
Possible side effects and complications after carboxytherapy:
Serious complications associated with injecting CO2 in medical practice have not been recorded. Carbon dioxide is nontoxic, it is naturally produced in the body and released through the lungs (for example, during intense physical exertion, 5-10 times more CO2 is produced than injected into a session of carboxytherapy). Allergic reactions are also absent. The risk of infection is minimized through the use of sterile gas and equipment. There are also small hematomas at the injection site (about 15% of cases), which disappear after a few days. When CO2 is injected into the face area, slight swelling may appear, which disappears after a few minutes – it is even useful, because it allows to precisely determine gas diffusion zones, to reveal untreated areas and to give them due attention.
Absolute contraindications to the conduct of carboxytherapy are:
- Recent myocardial infarction;
- Arterial hypertension;
- Recent phlebitis;
- Skin infections in the treated area.