Tennis Elbow is Not just suffered by tennis players alone.
Lateral epicondylitis, which is commonly known as 'tennis elbow'.Tennis elbow is a common yet sometimes complex Musculoskeletal condition affecting many patients. The cause of tennis elbow stems from repeating incorrect movements of the arm. This can lead to small tears in the tendon attachment at the elbow. In tennis, this translates to the repeated motion and force of hitting a ball with a racquet.Incorrect technique can cause the power in the swing of a racquet to rotate through and around the wrist. This creates a movement on the wrist instead of the elbow joint or shoulder. This can increase pressure on the tendon and cause irritation and inflammation. Most often, the extensor muscles become painful due this tendon breakdown. The extensor muscles are those that straighten the wrist.Tennis elbow is associated with the extension of the fingers and the wrist. This is the kind of movement that allows the person to "snap" or flick the wrist, such as during a racquet swing. Despite the name, tennis elbow refers to any injury to this particular tendon caused by overuse. Tennis elbow can stem from daily activities such as:
- using scissors
- cutting tough food
- sporting activities that involve high amounts of throwing
- manual work that involves repetitive turning or lifting of the wrist, such as plumbing, typing, or bricklaying.
- Tenderness on the outside of the elbow
- Morning stiffness of the elbow with persistent aching
- Soreness of the forearm muscles
- Elbow pain is worse when grasping or holding an object
Several treatment methods can be used at home or after consulting a physician.
Rest: Resting the arm is important. A break in activity allows the tears in the tendon attachment to heal. Tennis players treat more serious cases with ice, anti-inflammatory drugs, soft tissue massages, stretching exercises, and ultrasound therapy.
Physical therapy: Physical therapists commonly strengthen their shoulder, upper arm, and abdominal muscles. This can help to reduce the wrist extensors during shoulder and arm movements. Ice massages and muscle stimulating techniques: These can also help the muscles to heal.
Strapping or taping the forearm: Supporting the area can help realign the muscle fibers and relieve pressure on the area. A physician may recommend using a splint for 2 to 3 weeks to take the elbow out of action.
Stretches and progressive strengthening exercises involving the use of weights or elastic bands can be helpful. They can increase pain-free grip strength and forearm strength. Exercising during a case of tennis elbow is vital for regaining muscle strength and reducing pain.
Despite painful sensations, it is possible to ease into an exercise routine through initial stretching. The most important part of managing tennis elbow is persisting with a daily regimen of stretches and lifts. Start with lower weights and increase the difficulty of the motions until it is only possible to complete ten lifts.